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Agency Details

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Agency ID2700
TitlePolice Magistrate, Moreton Bay
Agency TypeMagistrates Court
Start Date Circa 1/1/1843
End Date 8/4/1853
Date NotesStarte date is date Wickham officially took up his appointment; end date is date he was appointed Government Resident.
Abstract

Responsible for law and order in Moreton Bay settlement

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Series


Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
1161Colonial Secretary's Office, New South Wales 1/1/1843 8/4/1853
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Controlled Agencies

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Subsequent Agencies


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Finding Aids

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Publication Notes

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Remarks


Information Sources

New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 1, No. 12, p. 249
New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 1, No. 27, p. 509
New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 1, No. 28, p. 529
New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 1, No. 37, p. 689, 690-691
New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 1, No. 45, p. 813
New South Wales Government Gazette 1842, Vol. 2, No. 91, p. 1701
New South Wales Government Gazette 1846, Vol. 1, No. 35, p. 537
New South Wales Votes and Proceedings 1859, "Separation of Moreton Bay", Vol 4, p. 965.
Queensland Government Gazette 1859, 1859-1860, No. 1, pp. 1-5.
Letters addressed to the Government Resident, Moreton Bay by the Colonial Secretary, New South Wales. QSA. RES/A4. Z1496.
Skinner, L.E., "Law and Justice for the Colony of Queensland", Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal, Vol. IX, No. 3, pp. 104-105
Stevens, E.V., "Stephen Simpson, M.D., M.L.C.", Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal, Vol. V, No. 1, p. 796
Austrailan Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 2, 1788-1850, I-Z, p. 597
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Legislation

Establishing N/A
Abolishing N/A
Administered Police Act 1838
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Description

ESTABLISHMENT:
With the end of convict transportation in 1840, Moreton Bay was opened to free settlement on 10 February 1842. The last military commandant was ordered to pass over all papers relating to Moreton Bay to Doctor Stephen Simpson who was appointed Commissioner of Crown Lands and acting magistrate in April 1842. The boundaries of Moreton Bay District were proclaimed on 5 May 1842, and Simpson's appointments re-confirmed. On 6 April 1842 Gilbert Elliot was appointed Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay, but his appointment was cancelled on 6 Jun 1842. Captain John Clements Wickham was appointed Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay on 14 Nov 1842, and took up his appointment in January 1843. A Chief Constable and four constables under his authority also commenced duties in January 1843.

FUNCTIONS:
Though not in control of other government officers, the Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay was regarded as the senior official in the settlement. A proclamation of 30 Apr 1846 extended the operations of the Police Act 1838 to the town of Brisbane. This Act provided wide powers covering matters relating to local authorities, police, traffic, vagrants, health, shops, Sunday observances and Court procedure. Wickham's administrative duties increased and he was subsequently made Government Resident in 1853.

ABOLITION:
The position of Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay was re-named Police Magistrate, Brisbane in March 1853, and Moreton Bay administrative duties passed to the Government Resident, Moreton Bay on 8 April 1853. The position of Police Magistrate, Brisbane became the responsibility of the Queensland Colonial Secretary following separation from New South Wales in 1859.

NOTE:
On 8 April 1853 Captain Wickham was appointed Government Resident, Moreton Bay. Records attached to this agency also contain material relating to the period when he was Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay.
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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID2700, Police Magistrate, Moreton Bay
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