Series Details

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Series ID19294
Previous System Location 
TitleThe Proclamation of Queensland document
Parent Series
This series does not have a parent series.
Start Date 10/12/1859
End Date 10/12/1859
Date Statement Date of Letters Patent and Order in Council: 6 June 1859
Date of official Proclamation: 10 December 1859
Date of transcript: September 2010
Date Notes N/A

The Proclamation of Queensland as a separate colony from New South Wales

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Items Total Items: 2
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Departmental NumbersN/A
System of Arrangement N/A
How To Use Series A digitised image of the original document is available for public access.

Creating Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
910Office of the Governor of Queensland 10/12/1859 10/12/1859
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Access and Restrictions

Access Category0 Years
Access Procedure 
Agency Now Responsible
Agency ID: 15
Department of the Premier and Cabinet
Restriction DetailsAccess to this series is refused under s.18(3)(a) of the Public Records Act 2002 - Access to original is detrimental to its preservation. Where possible, a copy of the item will be provided.
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Publication Notes

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Physical / Technical Use

Original document: One page, handwritten on both sides, 43cm x 27 cm, kept flat in an acid-free box, between two acid-free cardboard pieces.
Transcript: Two-page typed transcript of the original document, housed for display in a specially built wood and glass box.
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Copies Elsewhere

Copyright Status

Copyright State of Queensland
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This series contains two items: the original document, and a transcript of the document, the latter being housed in a specially built wood and glass box.Facsimiles are held by the State Library of Queensland and the National Library of Australia.
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Information Sources

Queensland Government, "About Queensland - Queensland History - Settlement", viewed on 8 Sep 2010
Queensland Government Gazette 1859, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3-4
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After several public meetings held from 1851 onwards advocating the establishment of Queensland as a separate colony, Queen Victoria gave her approval and signed the Letters Patent establishing the new colony of Queensland on 6 June 1859. On the same day, an Order-in-Council gave Queensland its own Constitution. Queensland thus became a separate colony with an appointed Governor, a nominated Legislative Council and an elected Legislative Assembly. On 10 December 1859, the Supreme Court Judge, Justice Alfred Lutwyche administered the oath to Sir George Ferguson Bowen, Queensland's first Governor. The Queen’s Commission was read by the newly-appointed Colonial Secretary, Robert Herbert, and the proclamation of the Letters Patent was read by Abram Moriarty, Governor Bowen’s acting private secretary, officially proclaiming Queensland to be a separate colony from New South Wales.

The Letters Patent - the legal instrument for the separation of the new colony - and the Proclamation, were published in the Queensland Government Gazette on the same day. The Letters Patent and the Order in Council of 6 June 1859, and the Proclamation on 10 December 1859, constitute Queensland’s founding documents.

The document in this series is the original Proclamation that was publicly read at Government House in Adelaide Street. The Proclamation consists of one page (43cm x 27 cm), handwritten in black ink on both sides and signed by Governor Bowen and by R G W Herbert.

Transcript of The Proclamation of Queensland Document:

By His Excellency Sir George Ferguson Bowen, Knight, Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George, Captain-General and Governor-in-chief of the Colony of Queensland and its Dependencies, and Vice-Admiral of the Same:
Etc. etc. etc.

Whereas Her Majesty has been graciously pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date at Westminster, the Sixth day of June, in the twenty-second year of Her Majesty’s Reign, to separate from the Colony of New South Wales, the Territory described in the said Letters Patent, and to erect the same into a separate Colony to be called the Colony of Queensland, and has further been pleased to constitute and appoint me, Sir George Ferguson Bowen, Knight, Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George, to be Captain-General and Governor-in-chief in an over the said Colony of Queensland and its Dependencies. Now therefore, I, the Captain-General and Governor-in-chief aforesaid, do hereby proclaim and declare that I have this day taken the prescribed Oaths before His Honour Alfred James Peter Lutwyche, Esquire, Judge of the Supreme Court, and that I have accordingly assumed the said Office of Captain-General and Governor-in-chief.

Given under my hand and seal at Government House, Brisbane, this tenth day of December I the Year of Our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and fifty nine, and in the twenty-third year of Her Majesty’s Reign. (Signed) G. F. Bowen

By His Excellency’s Command
(Signed) R. G. W. Herbert

God Save the Queen!”

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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Series ID 19294, The Proclamation of Queensland document
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( )
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