Agency Details

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Agency ID928
TitlePolice Gaol, Mackay (II) / HM Prison, Mackay [II]
Agency TypeCorrectional facility
Start Date 24/1/1891
End Date 31/12/1908
Date NotesN/A
Abstract

Gaols, prisons and correctional centres were established to confine prisoners convicted by the Courts.

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Series

Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
157Prisons Department 22/1/1891 31/12/1908
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Controlled Agencies

Details of controlled agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Previous Agencies

Subsequent Agencies

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Related Agencies

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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Remarks

Information Sources

Queensland Government Gazette 21 Jul 1883, vol. XXXIII, no. 13, p. 312
Queensland Government Gazette 24 Jan 1891, vol. LII, no. 25, p. 269
Queensland Government Gazette 31 Aug 1893, vol. LIX, no. 125, p. 1063
Queensland Government Gazette 19 Oct 1935, vol.CXLV, no. 86, p. 1068
1989 “The Mackay prison, 1888-1908”, Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal 13, 9, pp. 329-30
ABC Tropical Queensland - The Life and Times of Mackay Prison, viewed on 11 Aug 2009: http://abc.gov.au/local/stories/2008/06/30/2290128.htm?site=tropic
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Legislation

Establishing Prisons Act 1890
Abolishing N/A
Administered Prisons Act 1890
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Description
ESTABLISHMENT:
Police stations throughout the State were frequently used simultaneously as the local court house, police station, lock-up and residential accommodation for police officers.

Prior to the construction of this prison, a small two-cell lock-up, built in the late 1860s, was the first penal institution in Mackay. Not an official prison, it housed prisoners temporarily, until 1883 when it was declared a public gaol (see agency 1529 - Police Gaol, Mackay [I]).

In 1888 a larger (five-cell), safer gaol was built on Mackay's North side (this agency - Police Gaol, Mackay [II]). The prisoners from the old gaol [I] were sent to this new gaol [II].

In 1891, under the "Prisons Act 1890", the new Police Gaol, Mackay [II] was declared a Prison (HM Prison, Mackay [II].

In 1893 HM Prison, Mackay [II] was closed. Long term prisoners were sent to the new Prison at Townsville (Stewart's Creek), and short term prisoners were sent back to the old Police Gaol, Mackay [I],

At the same time, Police Gaol, Mackay [I] was declared to be a Prison, changing its name to HM Prison, Mackay [I]).

FUNCTIONS:
Prisoner rehabilitation
Punishment
Prison administration

PORTFOLIO CONTROLLING:
Colonial Secretary, 24 Jan 1891 - 6 Aug 1896
Home Secretary, 6 Aug 1896 - c. 31 dec 1908

ABOLITION:
Some sources have this prison closed in 1883 after its prisoners were sent to Stewart's Creek and the older Police gaol. However, other sources cite that it ceased to be used as a prison in 1908, because of increased and more efficient shipping, with prisoners being swiftly transported to better facilities at Rockhampton, Townsville and Brisbane. Later on, the premises were occupied by an institution dealing with infectious diseases.





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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID928, Police Gaol, Mackay (II) / HM Prison, Mackay [II]
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ )
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