Under the "Magistrates Courts Act 1921", from 3 April 1922 onwards: all Small Debts Courts established under the Small Debts Courts Acts 1867-1894 were deemed to be Magistrates Courts, all officers of Small Debts Courts were deemed to be officers of Magistrates Courts. Under this legislation, from 3 April 1922 the Small Debts Court, Rockhampton was deemed to be the Magistrates Court, Rockhampton.
Under the "Justices Act Amendment Act 1964", from 1 January 1965 onwards: all Courts of Petty Sessions Districts were deemed to be Magistrates Courts Districts, all places previously appointed for the holding of Courts of Petty Sessions were deemed to be places for the holding of Magistrates Courts, all clerks of petty sessions were deemed to be registrars of Magistrates Courts. Under this legislation, from 1 January 1965 onwards, the Court of Petty Sessions, Rockhampton was deemed to be the Magistrates Court, Rockhampton.
Records from the Magistrates Court, Mount Morgan were transferred to the Magistrates Court, Rockhampton upon that court being abolished from 31 December 1990.
Under the "Magistrates Courts Act 1921", Magistrates Courts inherited the civil functions of Small Debts Courts, together with the original jurisdiction up to 200 pounds of the District Courts which were abolished under the Supreme Court Act 1921. Magistrates Courts determined the following civil actions: personal actions, actions for the unliquidated balance of a partnership account, actions for a distributive share under an intestacy or for a legacy under a will, equity suits for recovery of money or damages, actions for replevin concerning distress for rent, summary actions for ejectment between lessors and lessees, and complaints for maintenance. In 2000 Magistrates Courts hear claims to $50000.
Under the "Justices Act Amendment Act 1964", Magistrates Courts inherited the petty criminal jurisdiction of Courts of Petty Sessions involving numerous Commonwealth and State statutes described briefly as jurisdiction over summary trials of simple offences and committal proceedings for indictable offences sent to the District Court (re-established in 1959) or to the Supreme Court.
Actions brought before a Magistrates Court are heard and determined by a magistrate sitting alone. From 2004 the Magistrates Court, Rockhampton is within the Rockhampton Magistrates Courts District.