The "Local Authorities Act 1902" abolished divisional boards and created city, town and shire councils. Under this Act, Burrum Divisional Board was abolished and its functions were transferred to Burrum Shire Council on 31 Mar 1903.
There is a gap in the continuity of this agency from 23 Dec 1905 until 20 Dec 1935: Pialba Shire was established on 23 Dec 1905 by change of name from Burrum Shire; Pialba shire was abolished on 17 Feb 1917 and Burrum Shire was re-established from Howard and Pialba Shires and parts of Maryborough City and Antigua Shire; Hervey Bay Shire was established by change of name from Burrum Shire on 20 Dec 1975.
Under the "Local Authorities Act 1902", the primary function of Shire Councils was to provide such public services and amenities as parks and reserves, cemeteries, libraries and recreational facilities, water and sanitation services, roads, bridges, wharves, street lighting, public health services (such as immunisations), licences and registrations for businesses, markets and animals, town planning, and the control of noxious weeds and other pests.
The Council was also responsible for administering the Local Fund, and for valuing properties within the Shire for the purpose of determining and collecting rates.
The Council could pass by-laws regarding all matters within its jurisdiction. All such by-laws required the assent of the Governor-in-Council.
The Shire Council included a chairman, town clerk and a number of other members. From time to time, the Council could appoint committees for special or general purposes. Council also appointed its own officers, who were paid from the Local Fund.
Each year the Minister appointed an independent auditor to review the financial statements of the Council. The Council submitted an annual Statement of Revenue and Expenditure to the Minister, which was published in the Government Gazette.