Rabbit Boards and Districts were first established under the "Rabbit Boards Act, 1885". Under the "Rabbit Act of 1964", which came into operation on 1 May 1964, the Darling Downs Rabbit Board and the Moreton Rabbit Board were merged to become the Darling Downs-Moreton Rabbit Board (DDMRB).
The purpose of the Boards was to undertake activities to prevent the incursion and migration of rabbits. As part of its duties, the Boards engaged in seeking out and destroying rabbits, and erecting, altering and reinforcing rabbit-proof fences.
In 1964, the local authority areas within the Darling Downs-Moreton Rabbit District comprised the Shires of Albert, Allora, Beaudesert, Boonah, Cambooya, Chinchilla (part), Clifton, Crow's Nest (part), Gatton, Glengallan, Jondaryan, Laidley, Millmerran (part), Moreton, Pittsworth, Rosalie (part), Rosenthal and Wambo.
Membership of the Boards was open to owners of runs within the defined districts. In addition to the elected pastoralists, an Inspector of Rabbits also sat on the Board.
The establishment of Boards, Districts and Board Membership was notified in the Queensland Government Gazettes.
The Carnarvon, Maranoa, Warrego, Mitchell, Gregory North, and Burke Rabbit Boards were abolished by "The Grazing District Improvement Act of 1930". These were replaced in some areas by District Improvement Boards. The Act did not abolish the Leichhardt, Darling Downs or Moreton District Boards. One effect of the 1930 Act was to allow for the broadening of pet control efforts in Queensland to include other vermin such as wild pigs, rats, wallabies, dingos, foxes, hares, eagle hawks, etc.
In 2016, the Darling Downs Moreton Rabbit Board operational area incorporates land included in the following local government areas: Western Downs Regional Council; Toowoomba Regional Council; Southern Downs Regional Council; Lockyer Valley Regional Council; Scenic Rim Regional Council; Ipswich City Council; Logan City Council; and City of Gold Coast. The Board Directors are all elected Councillors from the respective Councils that contribute to the Rabbit Board operations. Due to all directors being elected Councillors no remuneration was paid. The Board currently employs 15 staff and maintains 8 houses along the fence for the patrolmen and their families. Although most of the patrols are now done by motor vehicle, some patrols are done on foot due to the rugged terrain.
The eight local authority areas pay an annual precept to the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) for this service. Land Protection Officers (from Biosecurity Queensland-DAF) assist landholders with rabbit control in regions that fall outside the Board operational area.