Agency Details

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Agency ID3735
TitlePeel Island Lazaret
Agency TypeResidential care facility
Start Date 31/5/1907
End Date 5/8/1959
Date NotesN/A
Abstract

Facility established for the detention and treatment of people suffering from leprosy.

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Series

Series IDTitleFromTo
21090Lazaret Patient Registers 22/9/1898 31/12/1940
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Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
123Home Secretary's Office 31/5/1907 5/12/1935
126Health and Home Affairs Department 5/12/1935 5/8/1959
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Controlled Agencies

Details of controlled agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Previous Agencies

Subsequent Agencies

Agency IDTitle
4501Fantome Island Lazaret
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Related Agencies

Details of related agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Remarks

Information Sources

Leprosy Act of 1892
Queensland Votes and Proceedings 1898, Vol. IV, pp.635-37.
Queensland Government Gazette 1907, Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 101, p.1541
Health Act of 1937
Queensland Government Gazette 1939, Vol. CLII, No. 103, p. 1800
Queensland Parliamentary Papers 1940, No. 1053, p. 4
Queensland Parliamentary Papers 1960-61, Vol. II, No. 957, p.26
Patrick, Ross. A history of Health and Medicine in Queensland 1824 - 1960. UQ Press, 1987, pp. 243 - 247
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Legislation

Establishing Leprosy Act of 1892
Queensland Government Gazette 1907, Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 101, p.1541
Abolishing N/A
Administered N/A
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Description
ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTION:
The "Leprosy Act of 1892" provided not only for the treatment of lepers but also for their detention and isolation. Moreover, the Act enabled the Governor-in-Council, by proclamation, to appoint any place to be a lazaret for the reception and medical treatment of lepers.

From at least 1896 Peel Island in Moreton Bay was used to accommodate leprosy patients under the care of the Stradbroke Island Lazaret. On 31 May 1907, a parcel of approximately 160 acres of Peel Island was proclaimed a lazaret, and, during 1907, patients from Stradbroke Island Lazaret and Friday Island Lazaret were transferred to the new Peel Island facility.

The Stradbroke Island and Friday Island lazarets treated "white" and "coloured" patients respectively, but Peel Island Lazaret was designed to accommodate all patients, although they were segregated by sex, and into "whites" and "coloureds".

In 1939, under the "Health Act of 1937", Fantome Island in the Palm Island Group, North Queensland, was proclaimed a lazaret for the treatment of aboriginal lepers, and 49 aborigines were transferred to Fantome Island from Peel Island in Jan 1940. 32 patients remained at Peel Island.

With the introduction of new drugs, the number of patients gradually decreased, particularly in the 1950s, and on 5 Aug 1959, patients with Hansen's Disease, as leprosy was now called, were removed from Peel Island Lazaret to the Chronic Diseases Section of Princess Alexandra Hospital, South Brisbane.

PORTFOLIO CONTROLLING:
Home Secretary, 31 May 1907 - 5 Dec 1935
Secretary for Health and Home Affairs, 5 Dec 1935 - 12 Aug 1957
Minister for Health and Home Affairs, 12 Aug 1957 - 5 Aug 1959

SUBSEQUENT AGENCY: Princess Alexandra Hospital, Chronic Diseases Section

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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID3735, Peel Island Lazaret
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ )
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