ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTION:
The "Leprosy Act of 1892" provided not only for the treatment of lepers but also for their detention and isolation. Moreover, the Act enabled the Governor-in-Council, by proclamation, to appoint any place to be a lazaret for the reception and medical treatment of lepers.
On 25 Nov 1892, an area of approximately 17 acres, about a mile from Dunwich Jetty, on Stradbroke Island, Moreton Bay, was proclaimed a lazaret. On 1 Dec 1892, Patrick Smith, who was also Medical Superintendent of Dunwich Benevolent Asylum, was appointed Medical Officer.
Stradbroke Island Lazaret was established for the treatment of European patients while Friday Island Lazaret, in the Torres Strait, which was also proclaimed in 1892, provided treatment for non-Europeans. Some non-European patients were transferred to Friday Island from Stradbroke Island. From 1896 a few patients under the care of the Stradbroke Island Lazaret were accommodated on nearby Peel Island, in Moreton Bay. In 1907, both Stradbroke Island Lazaret and Friday Island Lazaret were closed and all patients were transferred to Peel Island, where a new lazaret was established for both "whites" and "coloureds".
Colonial Secretary, 25 Nov 1892 - 6 Aug 1896
Home Secretary, 6 Aug 1896 - 30 Jun 1907