Agency Details

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Agency ID1784
TitleSmall Debts Court, Gladstone
Agency TypeMagistrates Court
Start Date 20/1/1854
End Date 3/4/1922
Date NotesN/A

The Small Debts Court dealt with cases relating to minor financial matters.

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Series IDTitleFromTo
7958Plaint and Summons Book 28/3/1856 2/4/1872
7955Minute Book 4/5/1857 14/3/1872
7952Return of Summonses 30/10/1866 15/4/1905
7938Minute Books 12/2/1885 3/4/1922
9370Judgment Books 20/12/1892 3/4/1922
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Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
1161Colonial Secretary's Office, New South Wales 20/1/1854 10/12/1859
107Colonial Secretary's Office 10/12/1859 29/7/1896
123Home Secretary's Office 29/7/1896 27/1/1904
19Department of Justice (I) 27/1/1904 3/4/1922
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Controlled Agencies

Details of controlled agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Previous Agencies

Details of previous agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Subsequent Agencies

Related Agencies

Agency IDTitleRelationship
704Court of Petty Sessions, Gladstoneminor court
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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Information Sources

New South Wales Government Gazette 1854, Vol. I, p. 3
Queensland Government Gazette 1867, Vol VIII, No 29, p. 1475
Australian Courts Act 1828
Justices Act 1886
Penberthy Fry, T., Australian Courts and Administrative Tribunals, University of Queensland, 1946
;Queensland Government Gazette 1922, Vol CXVIII, No 99, p. 999
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Establishing Small Debts Courts Act 1867
Abolishing Magistrates Courts Act 1921
Administered Small Debts Courts Act 1867
Distress, Replevin and Ejectment Act 1867
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The "Australian Courts Act of 1828" established courts possessing summary jurisdiction in certain types of civil matters involving the payment or recovery of small debts, known as Courts of Requests. The "Small Debts Recovery Act of 1846" and subsequent Queensland legislation of 1864 provided for Courts of Petty Sessions to administer such actions. The Court of Requests (Small Debts Court) was therefore established when the Court of Petty Sessions, Gladstone was established on 20 January 1854.

Small Debts Courts were ultimately legislated in Queensland under the "Small Debts Courts Act of 1867". Under this legislation, Courts of Petty Sessions were deemed to be Small Debts Courts.

Under this Act and the "Justices Act 1886", the establishment by the Governor in Council of a place for the holding of a court of petty sessions was deemed to establish a small debts court. This Act, which took effect from 31 December 1867, established the Small Debts Court, Gladstone.

Under the "Magistrates Courts Act 1921", from 3 April 1922 onwards all small debts courts were deemed to be magistrates courts and all officers of small debts courts were deemed to be officers of magistrates courts. Under this legislation, the Small Debts Court, Gladstone was deemed to be the Magistrates Court, Gladstone.

Under the "Small Debts Courts Acts 1867-1894" and further amending legislation, small debts courts were granted jurisdiction to hear claims for moneys less than a specified amount in the following civil actions: personal actions, actions for the unliquidated balance of a partnership account, actions for a distributive share under an intestacy or for a legacy under a will, equity suits for recovery of money or damages, actions for replevin concerning distress for rent, summary actions for ejectment between lessors and lessees, and complaints for maintenance.
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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID1784, Small Debts Court, Gladstone
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( )
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