Agency Details

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Agency ID1529
TitlePolice Gaol, Mackay (I) / HM Prison, Mackay [I]
Agency TypeCorrectional facility
Start Date 18/7/1883
End Date 19/10/1935
Date NotesN/A

Staffed by Police Officers at country centres to confine convicted prisoners serving short sentences.

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Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
260Sheriff's Office 18/7/1883 1/1/1891
157Prisons Department 1/1/1891 19/10/1935
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Controlled Agencies

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Previous Agencies

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Subsequent Agencies

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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
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Information Sources

Queensland Government Gazette 21 Jul 1883, vol. XXXIII, no. 13, p. 312
Queensland Government Gazette 24 Jan 1891, vol. LII, no. 25, p. 269
Queensland Government Gazette 31 Aug 1893, vol. LIX, no. 125, p. 1063
Queensland Government Gazette 19 Oct 1935, vol.CXLV, no. 86, p. 1068
1989 “The Mackay prison, 1888-1908”, Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal 13, 9, pp. 329-30
ABC Tropical Queensland - The Life and Times of Mackay Prison, viewed on 11 Aug 2009:
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Establishing N/A
Abolishing N/A
Administered Prisons Act 1890
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Police stations throughout the State were frequently used simultaneously as the local court house, police station, lock-up and residential accommodation for police officers.

A small two-cell lock-up, built in the late 1860s, was the first penal institution in Mackay. Not an official prison, it housed prisoners temporarily. Under the "Act for the Regulation of Gaols, Prisons, and Houses of Correction in the Colony of New South Wales and its Dependencies and for other purposes relating thereto 1865", the Mackay Police lock-up was declared a public gaol and house of correction, on 18 Jul 1883 (Police Gaol, Mackay [I].

In 1888 a larger (five-cell), safer gaol was built on Mackay's North side (Police Gaol, Mackay [II]), and the prisoners from the old gaol [I] were sent to this new gaol [II].

In 1891, under the "Prisons Act 1890", the new Police Gaol Mackay [II] was declared a Prison (HM Prison, Mackay [II].

In 1893 HM Prison, Mackay [II] was closed. Long term prisoners were sent to the new Prison at Townsville (Stewart's Creek), and short term prisoners were sent back to the old Police Gaol, Mackay [I] which was, from then onwards and also under the "Prisons Act 1890", declared to be a Prison (HM Prison, Mackay [I]).

Prisoner rehabilitation
Prison administration

Colonial Secretary, 18 Jul 1883 - 6 Aug 1896
Home Secretary, 6 Aug 1896 - 19 Oct 1935

This prison was discontinued and closed by proclamation on 19 Oct 1935 under the "Prisons Act 1890". All prisoners were removed to HM Prison, Rockhampton.

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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID1529, Police Gaol, Mackay (I) / HM Prison, Mackay [I]
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( )
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