The Land Board constituted under the "Crown Lands Act 1884" served as a judiciary and administrative agency. The Land Board was empowered to hold courts and to arbitrate on any questions arising from the administration of the 1884 Act. In 1898, the functions of the Land Board were taken over by the Land Court, constituted under the "Land Act 1897".
The Land Court is an independent Judicial Tribunal. The primary and general powers of the court were conferred by Land Acts and subsequently, the "Land Court Act 2000". Sittings are held in Brisbane, as well as principal country towns and smaller centres where suitable facilities are available.
From its inception until 1944, the Land Court's principal role was that of judicially arbitrating between the Minister and the Crown's lessees in rental, compensation, value of improvements and other matters affecting the Crown leasehold system, as well as determining compensation for compulsory resumption of freehold land pursuant to the provision of the Public Works Land Resumption Acts and subsequent compulsory acquisition legislation.
With the proclamation of the "Valuation of Land Act 1944", the Land Court's jurisdiction included the hearing and determination of appeal against valuations for rating and taxing purposes.
The Land Court deals with appeals against valuations, disputed claims for compensation, appeals against decisions in relation to waterworks licensing and appeals against Ministerial decisions. However, under the "Land Court and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2007, assented to 29 August 2007, proclaimed 21 Sep 2007, the Land Court took over the jurisdiction of the Land and Resource Tribunal extending the Court's jurisdiction to include not only land-related matters but also mining and petroleum and indigenous issues,
The Land Court consists of a President and other members. A single member sitting alone constitutes the Court which may sit in more than one place at a time. Under the "Land Court and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2007" the Court was divided into two divisions: the Cultural Heritage and Indigenous Land Use Agreement Division, and the general division. The Land Court has the power of the Supreme Court in certain cultural heritage and mining jurisdictions.
Secretary for Public Lands 1 Mar 1898 - 12 Aug 1957
Minister for Public Lands 12 Aug 1957 - 26 Sep 1963
Minister for Lands 26 Sep 1963 - 9 Dec 1987
Minister for Land Management 9 Dec 1987 - 24 Sep 1992
Minister for Lands 24 Sep 1992 - 26 Feb 1996
Minister for Natural Resources 26 Feb 1996 - 22 Feb 2001
Minister for Natural Resources and Mines 22 Feb 2001 - 1 Jan 2003
Attorney - General and Minister for Justice, 1 Jan 2003 -