Agency Details

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Agency ID142
TitleNorthern Protector of Aboriginals Office
Agency TypeDepartment
Start Date Circa 1/1/1898
End Date 25/3/1904
Date NotesN/A
Abstract

Managed the affairs of Aborigines deemed to be State wards, under a policy of protection and segregation.

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Series

Series IDTitleFromTo
10726Registers of Births, Deaths and Marriages 1/1/1898 25/3/1904
18138Miscellaneous Subject Batches 4/1/1898 25/3/1904
7328Roth Papers 27/1/1898 27/6/1903
9041Correspondence Received 1/1/1899 25/3/1904
9457Extracts from Roth - Scientific File and Transcripts 1/1/1899 25/3/1904
18091General Correspondence 1/1/1900 25/3/1904
9042Miscellaneous Batch Covers Received 1/1/1900 25/3/1904
18090Correspondence Files 1/1/1901 24/3/1904
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Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
123Home Secretary's Office 1/1/1898 16/4/1903
18Lands Department 16/4/1903 25/3/1904
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Controlled Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
11134Protector of Aboriginals, Weipa South 1/1/1898 25/3/1904
7135Protector of Aboriginals, Cairns 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
2713Protector of Aboriginals, Charters Towers 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
1619Protector of Aboriginals, Cloncurry 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
1620Protector of Aboriginals, Cooktown 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
1628Protector of Aboriginals, Ingham 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
1614Protector of Aboriginals, Somerset 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
10533Protector of Aboriginals, Townsville 16/3/1898 25/3/1904
1618Protector of Aboriginals, Clermont 5/7/1899 25/3/1904
8636Mabuiag Island School 1/1/1900 25/3/1904
10448Native Court, Murray Island 30/8/1900 25/3/1904
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Previous Agencies

Agency IDTitle
123Home Secretary's Office
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Subsequent Agencies

Related Agencies

Agency IDTitleRelationship
1834Southern Protector of Aboriginals OfficeEquivalent office, South Queensland
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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Remarks

Information Sources

Queensland Government Gazette 1897, Vol LXVIII, No 146, p 1386
Queensland Government Gazette 1898, Vol LXIX, No 7, p 66
Queensland Votes & Proceedings, Session I, 1899, p 911
Queensland Government Gazette 1899, Vol LXXII, No 150, p 1166
Queensland Government Gazette 1899, Vol LXXII, No 87, p 746
Queensland Government Gazette 1899, Vol LXXII, No 182, p 1580
Queensland Government Gazette 1903, Vol LXXX, No 85, p 1229
Queensland Government Gazette 1904, Vol LXXXII, No 74, p 1202
Queensland Government Gazette 1904, Vol LXXXII, No 71, p 1187
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Legislation

Establishing The Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act, 1897



Abolishing
Administered The Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act, 1897
The Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act, 1901
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Description
ESTABLISHMENT:
Following separation from New South Wales in December 1859, the Queensland Colonial Secretary took over matters relating to Aborigines. In June 1873, and again in May 1876, the Government appointed a Commission to inquire into what could be done to ameliorate and improve the condition of the Aborigines. The year 1875 marked the commencement of the setting aside of money for the establishment and maintenance of Aboriginal reserves, administered by the Department of Public Lands. This responsibility was taken over by the Colonial Secretary in 1885.

The 'Aboriginal Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act 1897' was the first comprehensive Aboriginal act passed in Queensland, bringing an era of protection and segregation, whereby Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders became wards of the state. Under this Act, Parry-Okeden, the Commissioner of Police, was appointed Protector for all districts. In January 1898, Walter E. Roth was appointed Northern Protector of Aboriginals and Archibald Meston Southern Protector. Local policemen or police inspectors were appointed local protectors, all responsible to the Home Secretary until April 1903 when responsibility for the 1897 Act was transferred briefly to the Secretary for Public Lands.

FUNCTIONS:
Aboriginal affairs
-Removals
-Exemptions
-Opium traffic
-Employment
-Welfare
-Health
-Education
-Reserves, missions, reformatories, homes
-Marriages
-Crime

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE:
From 4 Jan 1898 to 15 Dec 1899, the Northern Protector of Aboriginals controlled all the Protectors of Aboriginals appointed to Petty Sessions Districts within the Northern and Central divisions of Queensland: Alpha, Aramac, Ayr, Barcaldine, Boulia, Bowen, Burke, Cairns, Camooweal, Cape River, Cardwell, Charters Towers, Clermont, Cloncurry, Cook, Croydon, Douglas, Emerald, Etheridge, Herberton, Hughenden, Ingham, Longreach, Mackay, Mareeba, Mount Morgan, Mourilyan, Muttaburra, Norman, Palmer, Ravenswood, Rockhampton, Somerset, St Lawrence, Thornborough, Townsville, Winton.

The Northern Protector of Aboriginals also controlled the Protectors of Aboriginals appointed to Petty Sesssions Districts within the northern division of Queensland from 15 Dec 1899 to 25 Mar 1904.

ABOLITION:
The Office of the Northern Protector of Aboriginals was abolished on 25 March 1904 and Walter E. Roth was appointed Chief Protector of Aboriginals on 30 Mar 1904.
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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID142, Northern Protector of Aboriginals Office
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ )
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