Agency Details

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Agency ID124
TitleAgriculture Department
Agency TypeDepartment
Start Date 17/6/1887
End Date 1/1/1904
Date NotesN/A
Abstract

Responsible for the development of agriculture, research, advice to growers, and disease control

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Series

Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
18Lands Department 17/6/1887 12/8/1890
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Controlled Agencies

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Finding Aids

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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Remarks

Information Sources

Queensland Blue Book 1890, p. 116
Queensland Government Gazette 1887, Vol. XLI, No. 34, p.441.
Queensland Parliamentary Debates 1887, Vol. 51, p. 325
Queensland Parliamentary Papers, 1904 - 1905, Vol. II, p. 291
Skerman, P. J., "The First One Hundred Years: Department of Primary Industries Queensland 1887 - 1987", Brisbane, Department of Primary Industries, 2000, pp. 6, 14, 76 -78
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Legislation

Establishing N/A
Abolishing N/A
Administered Diseases in Cattle Act 1862
Diseases in Plants Act 1896
Diseases in Sheep Act 1867
Diseases in Stock Act 1896
Brands Act 1872
Impounding Act 1863
Live Stock and Meat Export Act 1895
Marsupial Destruction Act 1877
Meat and Produce Encouragement Act 1893
Slaughtering Act 1898
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Description
ESTABLISHMENT:
On 17 June 1887, two gazettal notices announced the establishment of a Department of Agriculture and the position of Under-Secretary for Agriculture whose appointment was to take effect from 1 July 1887. The Herbarium and the Colonial Botanist's Office were also transferred to the new department from the Museum.

From 1 July 1897 (circa month), the offices of the Chief Inspector of Stock, Registrar of Brands, and Inspector of Meat under Live Stock and Meat Export (positions held by the same person), and the Stock Institute, were transferred from the Home Secretary's Office to the Department of Agriculture.

FUNCTIONS:
The Department was established to encourage agricultural settlement in Queensland, and provide information regarding land and cultivation to selectors.
Services by the Department included:
seed and plant distribution
plant research
disease control in plants - (and animals from Jul 1897)
dairy practice
stock control including movement, brands, slaughtering, exports (from Jul 1897)
publication of the Agricultural Journal (from July 1897)

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE:
In 12 August 1890 the portfolio of Secretary for Public Lands and Agriculture was created, and the first full-time portfolio of Secretary of Agriculture was established in 1897. From 1 July 1897, the Stock Branch was transferred to the department, but the two branches, Agriculture and Stock, acted as separate agencies, and produced two annual reports. The offices comprising Stock acted under the position or various titles, for example, Chief Inspector of Stock (who controlled the Branch), or Live Stock and Brands Office, Stock Branch or Department (See 2484). In 1897 the Queensland Agricultural College at Gatton was opened. The Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations was set up in 1901.

AGENCIES CONTROLLED:
Agricultural Chemical Laboratory
State Farms - Westbrook, Hermitage (1897), Gindie, Biggenden (1898)
State Nurseries - Cairns and Mackay, 1889
Experimental Stations
Stock Institute (from 1897)
Queensland Agricultural College, Gatton
Forest Nurseries (Fraser Island)
Botanical Gardens
Travelling Dairies (1889 - 1896)

ABOLITION:
The branches of Agriculture and Stock were merged to form the Agriculture and Stock Department from 1 January 1904.






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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID124, Agriculture Department
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ )
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