The Local Government Act 1878 made provision for the creation of additional municipalities under the style of cities, boroughs (towns) or shires (country districts). The Council of the Borough of Gympie (also known as Gympie Municipal Council) was constituted under these provisions as a separate Municipal Institution for the purposes of Local Government. By Order in Council on 25 June 1880, the town of Gympie was constituted a Municipal Borough, under the name of the "Borough of Gympie".
The function of Municipal Councils under the Local Government Act 1878 was generally to maintain "the good rule and government of the municipality", and specifically to provide and manage such public services and amenities as roads, bridges and wharves, water supply and sanitation, cemeteries, street lighting, fire prevention and public health services including control of contagious and infectious diseases. Functions also included the regulation of building construction, vehicular traffic and public nuisances and the issuing of licences for markets, carriers and carters, slaughter-houses and abattoirs, etc. Council could also establish and manage such public facilities as hospitals, asylums for destitute children, libraries, botanical gardens and public places of recreation including parks and reserves. The general powers of local Councils were exercised through the passing of by-laws requiring the assent of the Governor-in-Council. Municipal Councils were responsible for the administration of their revenue base including rates (general and special), loans, and endowment through Ordinary Revenue and the Municipal Fund. For the purposes of determining rates, Councils were required to value all rateable land within the municipality.
The Borough of Gympie consisted of six members with the first election of Councillors held on 27 July 1880. John O'Connell Bligh was appointed as the Returning Officer.
Secretary for Public Works and Mines 25 Jun 1880 - 12 Dec 1887
Secretary for Mines and Works 12 Dec 1887 - 4 Jan1890
Secretary for Railways and Public Works 4 Jan 1890 - 12 Aug 1890
Secretary for Public Works 12 Aug 1890 - 9 Jul 1891
Colonial Secretary 9 Jul 1891 - 6 Aug 1896
Home Secretary 6 Aug 1896 - 31 Mar 1903
Under the Local Authorities Act 1902, Municipal Councils were constituted as Town Councils. The Gympie Borough Council became Gympie Town Council on 31 March 1903.