Agency Details

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Agency ID11373
TitleWestbrook Reformatory for Boys
Agency TypeCorrectional facility
Start Date 5/5/1900
End Date Circa 31/12/1919
Date NotesN/A
Abstract

Reformatory confinement for boys under the age of 18

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Series

Controlling Agencies

Agency IDTitleFromTo
123Home Secretary's Office 5/5/1900 1/12/1911
634Home Secretary's Office, State Children Department 1/12/1911 31/12/1919
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Controlled Agencies

Details of controlled agencies do not exist or are unavailable.
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Previous Agencies

Subsequent Agencies

Related Agencies

Agency IDTitleRelationship
6459Wilson Youth Hospital SchoolAttended by school-aged boys
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Finding Aids

This agency has no finding aids.
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Publication Notes
This agency has no publication notes.
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Remarks

Information Sources

Queensland Blue Books, 1900, p. 59
Queensland Government Gazette, 1900, Vol. LXXIII, No. 133, p. 1330
Queensland Government Gazette, 1919, Vol. CXIII, No. 206, p. 1549
Queensland Parliamentary Papers, Session of 1919 - 1920, Vol. IV, p. 59
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Legislation

Establishing Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act 1865
Abolishing N/A
Administered Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act 1865
Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act Amendment Act 1906
State Children Act 1911
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Description
ESTABLISHMENT:
On 5 May 1900 the Diamantina Reformatory School for Boys moved from South Brisbane to Westbrook near Toowoomba, and was then known as the Westbrook Reformatory for Boys.

FUNCTIONS:
Industrial and reformatory schools were established for the purpose of segregating neglected and convicted juveniles from the poor influence of adult prisoners, so as to better promote their reformation and rehabilitation.

Boys under the age of 18 years were sentenced to a term of confinement at the reformatory by various Courts. It appears that some boys were transferred to orphanages before the expiration of their sentences. Parents of neglected and convicted inmates were required to contribute financially to the maintenance of their sons whilst in the reformatory.

At the Reformatory, boys received training in farm skills, learning to work the farm land surrounding the reformatory. Boys were taught to farm, garden and keep stock. Produce from the farm was sold, and the boys allowed to keep the profits from their gardens. Stock were often exhibited at the annual Toowoomba Show.

As part of their education and rehabilitation, trustworthy boys could be put out to service in various trades, such as farm work. Boys contracted out as farm hands to local farmers were paid wages. Wages were banked and the accumulated amount paid to the boys in instalments between the ages of 18 and 21 years.

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE:
The Reformatory was under the supervision of a Superintendent who was responsible for admissions, discharges, internal discipline and the general administration of the reformatory. The Superintendent reported directly to the Home Secretary.

A medical officer and school teacher also visited the reformatory to look after the health and education of the inmates. Teachers were appointed by the Public Instruction Department.

ABOLITION:
In 1919, the Westbrook Reformatory for Boys changed its name to the Farm Home for Boys, Westbrook.

PORTFOLIO CONTROLLING:
Home Secretary, 5 May 1900 - c 31 Dec 1919
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Preferred Citation

Queensland State Archives Agency ID11373, Westbrook Reformatory for Boys
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Last updated 9 September 2016
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (CC BY 3.0) ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ )
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