The "Divisional Boards Acts of 1879 and 1887" provided for local government for any part of the Colony not included in a municipality and proclaimed a Division by the Governor. The first Divisional Boards were proclaimed on 11 Nov 1879. The Longreach Divisional Board was constituted on 9 May 1900, the first elections held on 13 Aug 1900 and the first Board meeting held on 10 Sep 1900..
The primary function of Divisional Boards was to provide such public services and amenities as: parks and reserves, cemeteries, libraries and recreational facilities, water and sanitation services, roads, bridges, wharves, street lighting, public health services (such as immunisations), licences and registrations for businesses, markets and animals, town planning, and the control of noxious weeds and other pests.
Boards were also responsible for administering the Local Fund and for valuing properties within the Division for the purpose of determining and collecting rates. Boards could pass by-laws regarding all matters within its jurisdiction. All such by-laws required the assent of the Governor-in-Council.
Divisional Boards submitted an annual Statement of Revenue and Expenditure to the Minister. By-laws created by Boards required the assent of the Governor-in-Council.
Home Secretary 9 May 1900 - 31 Mar 1903
The "Local Authorities Act 1902" abolished divisional boards and created city, town and shire councils. Under this Act, Longreach Divisional Board was abolished and its functions were transferred to Longreach Shire Council on 31 Mar 1903.